Dissertations and publications
More than 50 articles in international surgical and scientific
• Articles in textbooks of plastic surgery.
• Textbook on the treatment of children with cleft lip and palate and
associated malformations (Avoin hymy, in Finnish).
Achieved speciality and board certification in general surgery in
(1986), University of Helsinki. PhD. Thesis, (1990), Helsinki University. Associate professor in plastic and reconstructive surgery, University
of Helsinki, (2003). Professor nomination awarded by President Sauli Niinistö in 2016.