There are several kinds of copper and hormonal IUDs.
A copper IUD can also be used as a post-coital contraceptive when it is inserted no later than 3–5 days after unprotected sex.
It is recommended that the IUD is inserted approximately within a week after your menstruation begins.
If you do not menstruate or you have an irregular menstrual cycle, the IUD can be inserted at any phase of the cycle. However, in this case, the possibility of pregnancy must be ruled out.
If you are using another form of hormonal contraception before an IUD insertion, the IUD can be inserted at any phase of your menstrual cycle.
It is advisable to rule out the possibility of sexually transmitted infections before an IUD insertion.
You can take pain medication (for example, ibuprofen 600–800 mg or paracetamol 1,000 mg) about an hour before your appointment to relieve the pain possibly caused by the IUD insertion. It is advisable to continue using your previous method of contraception until the IUD insertion.
A physician will insert the IUD in your uterine cavity at an appointment. If necessary, anaesthesia can be administered to relieve the pain caused by the insertion. Please ensure that the physician is aware of any possible oversensitivity to anaesthetics you might have.
Most patients do not require a sick leave after an IUD insertion. However, it is advisable to reserve some time to rest, depending on your condition. The physician will determine whether there is a need for possible additional methods of contraception after the procedure.
Your plans for the future determine when the IUD can be removed. If you wish to become pregnant, the IUD can be removed at any phase of your menstrual cycle. If you wish to continue with another method of contraception, it is recommended that the IUD is removed during your menstruation.
The IUD removal procedure is relatively painless.